Study debunks notion that men and women are psychologically distinct 

oddpicturesoddpeople:

sinidentidades:

The Journal of Personality and Social Psychology has dealt a devastating blow to the notion that men and women are fundamentally different when it comes to how they think and act.

“Although gender differences on average are not under dispute, the idea of consistently and inflexibly gender-typed individuals is,” Bobbi J. Carothers of Washington University in St. Louis and Harry T. Reis of the University of Rochester explained in their study. “That is, there are not two distinct genders, but instead there are linear gradations of variables associated with sex, such as masculinity or intimacy, all of which are continuous.”

Analyzing 122 different characteristics from 13,301 individuals in 13 studies, the researchers concluded that differences between men and women were best seen as dimensional rather than categorical. In other words, the differences between men and women should be viewed as a matter of degree rather than a sign of consistent differences between two distinct groups.

You mean human beings, like everything else, living and mineral, in nature exist on a series of both parallel and intersecting spectrums, and there is no such thing as a definitive binary or black/white divide?

MRAs, RadFems, and EvoPsych people everyone will be horrified to find this out.

14,871 notes   •   September 25 2014, 03:38 PM   •   VIA   •   SOURCE

radiolarian-ooze:

lay1306:

intergalacticsloth:

askerenjaegerisfuckingawesome:

tennants-hair:

VIVA LA PLUTO MOTHERFUCKERS!!!!

DO YOU SEE THIS? DO YOU? ALL OF YOU WHO HAD WRITTEN OFF PLUTO, WHO HAD CROSSED IT OFF YOUR PLANET LIST? REMEMBER HOW IT WAS ‘TOO SMALL” TO BE A PLANET? HOW NASA, IN COLLABORATION WITH THE INTERNATIONAL ASTRONOMICAL UNION REMOVED ITS PLANETARY STATUS AND  CHANGED ITS NAME TO 134340? HOW EVERYONE THEN CONSIDERED THERE TO BE EIGHT PLANETS, NOT NINE?

BUT SOME OF US REMAINED LOYAL TO PLUTO. IT WAS NEVER FORGOTTEN. AND NOW HERE WE ARE, AND JUSTICE IS UPON US AFTER 8 YEARS.

BECAUSE GUESS WHAT? PLUTO HAS AT LEAST FIVE MOONS, A PRETTY BIG NUMBER FOR A ”DWARF-PLANET”, HUH? ESPECIALLY WHEN EARTH, QUITE BIGGER THAN PLUTO AND AN OFFICIAL PLANET ONLY HAS ONE. AND GUESS WHAT ELSE? ERIS, THE PLANET WHICH EVERYONE THOUGHT TO BE BIGGER THAN PLUTO, MAY NOT BE BIGGER AFTER ALL. AND THE BEST PART IS THAT PLUTO HAS AN ATMOSHPERE. THAT’S RIGHT, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, A SUPPOSEDLY NON-PLANET HAS AN ATMOSPHERE. AGAIN, ISN’T THAT IMPRESSIVE?

SO LOOK AT THIS. NEW FINDINGS, AND A NEW AGE FOR PLUTO. AN AGE OF RECOGNITION AND APPRECIATION. AND ALLOW ME TO CLOSE THIS -somewhat aggressive-PRESENTATION OF OPINION WITH THE MOTTO OF THE PLUTO APOLOGISTS: VIVA LA PLUTO!

Get “Viva la Pluto” to be a trending tag

The Pluto fandom doesn’t fuck around

WHAT DO YOU MEAN EIGHT YEARS?!!!!

There are objects in the Kuiper belt larger than Pluto, and Titan has an atmosphere, but it’s a moon, not a planet. Here’s a more balanced article, that discusses the criteria for planetary status and brings up some important points this poster left out. 

What I don’t understand is why people take Pluto’s planetary status as a personal slight. Calling Pluto a planet or a dwarf planet changes nothing about Pluto’s physical state. It doesn’t cease to exist. It’s just terminology. I’d wager that the vast majority of people who reblogged this can’t even name the other large TNO’s without googling it, and those TNOs are exactly why we reconsidered Pluto’s planetary status in the first place. 

tony-the-intelligent-goon:

ashiibaka:

Science.

I can’t tell what my favorite part is, but it’s either
scientists wasting budget and time to see if ants count their steps
the idea to put ants on stilts
there had to be a guy who made ant stilts and put them on the ants
confused ants

BUT HOW CAN YOU SHOW THIS WITHOUT LINKING TO THE VIDEO? (Caution: if you are affected by animal cruelty to insects, don’t watch).

tony-the-intelligent-goon:

ashiibaka:

Science.

I can’t tell what my favorite part is, but it’s either

  • scientists wasting budget and time to see if ants count their steps
  • the idea to put ants on stilts
  • there had to be a guy who made ant stilts and put them on the ants
  • confused ants

BUT HOW CAN YOU SHOW THIS WITHOUT LINKING TO THE VIDEO? (Caution: if you are affected by animal cruelty to insects, don’t watch).

182,417 notes   •   September 24 2014, 04:54 PM   •   VIA   •   SOURCE
#science   #insect   #ants   #interesting   
doxian:

myrtle-turtle:

equestrianfangirlswag:

i-am-santafuckingclaus:

ohmygil:

winterwolff:

viennesewaltz:

crazyrestlessdumblove:


Each ball weighs differently, causing each one to bounce to a specific height, and when precisely placed in the dust pans and thrown down… 2013

EVERY TIME this comes up on my dash i just sit here and stare at it FOREVERRRRRrr.



whoaaaaaaaaaaaa


Reblog while you can, the year’s almost over D:

this gif is the definition of a science boner.

FOR THOSE OF YOU WHO THINK THIS IS NOT REAL SHUT UP AND SIT DOWN I’M GOING TO LEARN YOU A THING
THE MAN THROWING THOSE BALLS IS RUSSIAN PING PONG CHAMPION ANDREI ROCHEVIK. HE HAS PERFECT COORDINATION WITH THESE BALLS AND HAS BEEN WORKING WITH THEM SINCE HE WAS A FUCKING TODDLER. WHAT WERE YOU DOING AT 3 YEARS OLD MOTHERFUCKER
EACH BALL WAS MADE FOR THIS DEMONSTRATION SPECIFICALLY. THEIR WEIGHT IS CALCULATED BY RUSSIA’S BEST MATHEMATICIANS. YOU THOUGHT CALCULUS WAS HARD. TRY ADVANCED ALGEBRAIC PHYSICAL MATHEMATICS. THEY KNOW MORE ABOUT MATH THAN YOUR FUCKING CALCULATOR. THEY GRADUATED TOP IN THEIR CLASS. IN THE WORLD.
THE ROOM IS A VACUUM. THERE IS NO AIR TO GET IN THE WAY OF THESE BALLS. THE ROOM IS PERFECTLY PERPENDICULAR WITH THE EARTH’S GRAVITATIONAL PULL. ANDREI HAD TO WEAR A MASK TO BREATH WHILE DOING THIS. WHEN THEY WERE FILMING THE GAS MASK BROKE AND ANDREI ALMOST DIED. BUT HE DIDN’T HE SURVIVED AND FINISHED THE PROJECT
SO CLOSE TO DEATH HE IMMEDIATELY RUSHED TO PROPOSED TO HIS BOYFRIEND. THAT’S RIGHT HE IS ALSO GAY. BUT LIVING IN RUSSIA HE COULDN’T GET MARRIED SO THE FOUNDATION FOR PING PONG MATHEMATICS PAYED FOR HIM TO MOVE TO CANADA.
NOW HE’S LIVING IN QUEBEC WITH HIS HUSBAND AND THEY ARE TRYING TO ADOPT A CHILD. WHEN HE WENT TO APPLY FOR AN ADOPTION HE IMMEDIATELY GOT TWO CHILDREN WHEN THEY RECOGNIZED IT WAS HIM.
KEEP LIKING AND REBLOGGING THIS POST TO GET ENOUGH ATTENTION SO THEY CAN RAISE MONEY TO DO THIS FOR 2014. TOO MANY PEOPLE ARE TRYING TO SAY THIS IS FAKE. WE NEED TO SIGNAL BOOST THIS PEOPLE

jeff you are so smart this is why you have a masters degree in ping pong and also a doctorate in smartypants

doxian:

myrtle-turtle:

equestrianfangirlswag:

i-am-santafuckingclaus:

ohmygil:

winterwolff:

viennesewaltz:

crazyrestlessdumblove:

Each ball weighs differently, causing each one to bounce to a specific height, and when precisely placed in the dust pans and thrown down… 2013

EVERY TIME this comes up on my dash i just sit here and stare at it FOREVERRRRRrr.

whoaaaaaaaaaaaa

Reblog while you can, the year’s almost over D:

this gif is the definition of a science boner.

FOR THOSE OF YOU WHO THINK THIS IS NOT REAL SHUT UP AND SIT DOWN I’M GOING TO LEARN YOU A THING

THE MAN THROWING THOSE BALLS IS RUSSIAN PING PONG CHAMPION ANDREI ROCHEVIK. HE HAS PERFECT COORDINATION WITH THESE BALLS AND HAS BEEN WORKING WITH THEM SINCE HE WAS A FUCKING TODDLER. WHAT WERE YOU DOING AT 3 YEARS OLD MOTHERFUCKER

EACH BALL WAS MADE FOR THIS DEMONSTRATION SPECIFICALLY. THEIR WEIGHT IS CALCULATED BY RUSSIA’S BEST MATHEMATICIANS. YOU THOUGHT CALCULUS WAS HARD. TRY ADVANCED ALGEBRAIC PHYSICAL MATHEMATICS. THEY KNOW MORE ABOUT MATH THAN YOUR FUCKING CALCULATOR. THEY GRADUATED TOP IN THEIR CLASS. IN THE WORLD.

THE ROOM IS A VACUUM. THERE IS NO AIR TO GET IN THE WAY OF THESE BALLS. THE ROOM IS PERFECTLY PERPENDICULAR WITH THE EARTH’S GRAVITATIONAL PULL. ANDREI HAD TO WEAR A MASK TO BREATH WHILE DOING THIS. WHEN THEY WERE FILMING THE GAS MASK BROKE AND ANDREI ALMOST DIED. BUT HE DIDN’T HE SURVIVED AND FINISHED THE PROJECT

SO CLOSE TO DEATH HE IMMEDIATELY RUSHED TO PROPOSED TO HIS BOYFRIEND. THAT’S RIGHT HE IS ALSO GAY. BUT LIVING IN RUSSIA HE COULDN’T GET MARRIED SO THE FOUNDATION FOR PING PONG MATHEMATICS PAYED FOR HIM TO MOVE TO CANADA.

NOW HE’S LIVING IN QUEBEC WITH HIS HUSBAND AND THEY ARE TRYING TO ADOPT A CHILD. WHEN HE WENT TO APPLY FOR AN ADOPTION HE IMMEDIATELY GOT TWO CHILDREN WHEN THEY RECOGNIZED IT WAS HIM.

KEEP LIKING AND REBLOGGING THIS POST TO GET ENOUGH ATTENTION SO THEY CAN RAISE MONEY TO DO THIS FOR 2014. TOO MANY PEOPLE ARE TRYING TO SAY THIS IS FAKE. WE NEED TO SIGNAL BOOST THIS PEOPLE

jeff you are so smart this is why you have a masters degree in ping pong and also a doctorate in smartypants

1,423,178 notes   •   September 21 2014, 11:49 AM   •   VIA   •   SOURCE
chikaderp:

wildunicornherd:

thinksquad:

Here is a Science fair project presented by a girl in a secondary school in Sussex . In it she took filtered water and divided it into two parts. The first part she heated to boiling in a pan on the stove, and the second part she heated to boiling in a microwave. Then after cooling she used the water to water two identical plants to see if there would be any difference in the growth between the normal boiled water and the water boiled in a microwave. She was thinking that the structure or energy of the water may be compromised by microwave. As it turned out, even she was amazed at the difference, after the experiment which was repeated by her class mates a number of times and had the same result.
It has been known for some years that the problem with microwaved anything is not the radiation people used to worry about, it’s how it corrupts the DNA in the food so the body can not recognize it.
Microwaves don’t work different ways on different substances. Whatever you put into the microwave suffers the same destructive process. Microwaves agitate the molecules to move faster and faster. This movement causes friction which denatures the original make-up of the substance. It results in destroyed vitamins, minerals, proteins and generates the new stuff called radiolytic compounds, things that are not found in nature.
So the body wraps it in fat cells to protect itself from the dead food or it eliminates it fast. Think of all the Mothers heating up milk in these ‘Safe’ appliances. What about the nurse in Canada that warmed up blood for a transfusion patient and accidentally killed him when the blood went in dead. But the makers say it’s safe. But proof is in the pictures of living plants dying!

NO, YOU PIG-IGNORANT ASSWIPES.
SOME KID’S CLASS PROJECT IS NOT REAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH. YOU’VE HEARD OF “DOUBLE BLIND”, RIGHT? CALL ME WHEN IT’S PUBLISHED IN NATURE.

the structure or energy of the water

what the fuck does that even mean you realize that a water molecule is made up of three fucking atoms and if you rearrange it it isn’t water anymore and you would fucking notice

the problem with microwaved anything is not the radiation people used to worry about

Here is a handy diagram I drew of all the different types of radiation:

Microwaves != nuclear reactors, so calm your tits.

it’s how it corrupts the DNA in the food so the body can not recognize it

…do you understand what DNA is and how eating works? DNA is a jumble of protein in the middle of each cell and it tells the cells in that particular organism how to make more cells. Your body does not care about whether your food has any DNA in it or not. The chemicals it cares about are things like vitamins and sugars, as well as inorganic shit like salt.
(You can denature DNA by heating it or using chemicals like urea. It is like what happens when you fry an egg, which is basically a big glob of protein—the strands break apart and it looks like tiny white strings. Very cool.)

Microwaves agitate the molecules to move faster and faster.

I…just…that is the fucking definition of heat, whether you’re heating something over a flame or in a microwave or using the Sun. The difference is that microwaves mostly affect the water molecules in your food and they don’t need to use as much heat. Water boils at 100°C, which is just about as hot as water can get before it just turns into steam; but that’s like the lowest setting on your oven. Oven- or stove-cooked food tastes different partly because it uses higher temperatures and partly because heat is transferred in a different way.

This movement causes friction

That’s not what friction is.

It results in destroyed vitamins, minerals, proteins and generates the new stuff called radiolytic compounds, things that are not found in nature.

Let’s take these one at a time.
Vitamins are classified as water-soluble or fat-soluble. So cooking things in water will dissolve the water-soluble vitamins (C and all the B’s). Just plain heat doesn’t do that, so microwaving veggies—which keeps the water in—is actually a healthier option.
Proteins: Breaking the chemical bonds in proteins (denaturing) is a part of any cooking. However, denatured protein is still nutritious—that’s why you can meet your protein intake with foods like fried eggs and baked chicken.
Minerals are just chemical elements, like off the periodic table—sodium, iron, potassium. (Vitamins and proteins are very complex combinations of elements.)
Which brings me to the “radiolytic compound” bullshit. When you talk about breaking apart, say, iron—you’re talking about breaking down the iron atoms themselves. Which is a whole lot different than breaking the bonds between atoms. It takes hella radiation. You need shit like gamma rays—the OOOH SCARY NUCULAR radiation—which we’ve already established do not come from your microwave.

things that are not found in nature

What the shit does that even mean? You all know radioactive elements occur in nature, right? In rocks and also in living cells. That’s right, you have this radioactive kind of carbon INSIDE YOU. You get it by eating those delicious plants. We can tell how long ago something died by how much of it is left.
Tons of shit that occurs naturally is horribly bad for you. And tons of shit that never existed until we cooked it up is great for you—like the chemical compounds in a lot of medications.
PEOPLE WHO BELIEVE THIS SHIT ARE WHY CHILDHOOD DISEASES THAT CAUSED SERIOUS ILLNESSES AND/OR DEATH THAT WE NEARLY ERADICATED WITH VACCINES ARE NOW COMING BACK AND WHY CONSPIRACY THEORIST TWATS ARE ASKING CITY COUNCIL NOT TO FLUORIDATE THE WATER AND WHY GLOBAL WARMING WILL WRECK OUR FUCKING PLANET.
LERN 2 SCIENCE. Think before you reblog. And microwave your veggies.

This was incredibly amusing to read. Thank you so much for sciencing.

chikaderp:

wildunicornherd:

thinksquad:

Here is a Science fair project presented by a girl in a secondary school in Sussex . In it she took filtered water and divided it into two parts. The first part she heated to boiling in a pan on the stove, and the second part she heated to boiling in a microwave. Then after cooling she used the water to water two identical plants to see if there would be any difference in the growth between the normal boiled water and the water boiled in a microwave. She was thinking that the structure or energy of the water may be compromised by microwave. As it turned out, even she was amazed at the difference, after the experiment which was repeated by her class mates a number of times and had the same result.

It has been known for some years that the problem with microwaved anything is not the radiation people used to worry about, it’s how it corrupts the DNA in the food so the body can not recognize it.

Microwaves don’t work different ways on different substances. Whatever you put into the microwave suffers the same destructive process. Microwaves agitate the molecules to move faster and faster. This movement causes friction which denatures the original make-up of the substance. It results in destroyed vitamins, minerals, proteins and generates the new stuff called radiolytic compounds, things that are not found in nature.

So the body wraps it in fat cells to protect itself from the dead food or it eliminates it fast. Think of all the Mothers heating up milk in these ‘Safe’ appliances. What about the nurse in Canada that warmed up blood for a transfusion patient and accidentally killed him when the blood went in dead. But the makers say it’s safe. But proof is in the pictures of living plants dying!

NO, YOU PIG-IGNORANT ASSWIPES.

SOME KID’S CLASS PROJECT IS NOT REAL SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH. YOU’VE HEARD OF “DOUBLE BLIND”, RIGHT? CALL ME WHEN IT’S PUBLISHED IN NATURE.

the structure or energy of the water

what the fuck does that even mean you realize that a water molecule is made up of three fucking atoms and if you rearrange it it isn’t water anymore and you would fucking notice

the problem with microwaved anything is not the radiation people used to worry about

Here is a handy diagram I drew of all the different types of radiation:

The Electromagnetic Spectrum Cheat Sheet

Microwaves != nuclear reactors, so calm your tits.

it’s how it corrupts the DNA in the food so the body can not recognize it

…do you understand what DNA is and how eating works? DNA is a jumble of protein in the middle of each cell and it tells the cells in that particular organism how to make more cells. Your body does not care about whether your food has any DNA in it or not. The chemicals it cares about are things like vitamins and sugars, as well as inorganic shit like salt.

(You can denature DNA by heating it or using chemicals like urea. It is like what happens when you fry an egg, which is basically a big glob of protein—the strands break apart and it looks like tiny white strings. Very cool.)

Microwaves agitate the molecules to move faster and faster.

I…just…that is the fucking definition of heat, whether you’re heating something over a flame or in a microwave or using the Sun. The difference is that microwaves mostly affect the water molecules in your food and they don’t need to use as much heat. Water boils at 100°C, which is just about as hot as water can get before it just turns into steam; but that’s like the lowest setting on your oven. Oven- or stove-cooked food tastes different partly because it uses higher temperatures and partly because heat is transferred in a different way.

This movement causes friction

That’s not what friction is.

It results in destroyed vitamins, minerals, proteins and generates the new stuff called radiolytic compounds, things that are not found in nature.

Let’s take these one at a time.

  • Vitamins are classified as water-soluble or fat-soluble. So cooking things in water will dissolve the water-soluble vitamins (C and all the B’s). Just plain heat doesn’t do that, so microwaving veggies—which keeps the water in—is actually a healthier option.
  • Proteins: Breaking the chemical bonds in proteins (denaturing) is a part of any cooking. However, denatured protein is still nutritious—that’s why you can meet your protein intake with foods like fried eggs and baked chicken.
  • Minerals are just chemical elements, like off the periodic table—sodium, iron, potassium. (Vitamins and proteins are very complex combinations of elements.)

Which brings me to the “radiolytic compound” bullshit. When you talk about breaking apart, say, iron—you’re talking about breaking down the iron atoms themselves. Which is a whole lot different than breaking the bonds between atoms. It takes hella radiation. You need shit like gamma rays—the OOOH SCARY NUCULAR radiation—which we’ve already established do not come from your microwave.

things that are not found in nature

What the shit does that even mean? You all know radioactive elements occur in nature, right? In rocks and also in living cells. That’s right, you have this radioactive kind of carbon INSIDE YOU. You get it by eating those delicious plants. We can tell how long ago something died by how much of it is left.

Tons of shit that occurs naturally is horribly bad for you. And tons of shit that never existed until we cooked it up is great for you—like the chemical compounds in a lot of medications.

PEOPLE WHO BELIEVE THIS SHIT ARE WHY CHILDHOOD DISEASES THAT CAUSED SERIOUS ILLNESSES AND/OR DEATH THAT WE NEARLY ERADICATED WITH VACCINES ARE NOW COMING BACK AND WHY CONSPIRACY THEORIST TWATS ARE ASKING CITY COUNCIL NOT TO FLUORIDATE THE WATER AND WHY GLOBAL WARMING WILL WRECK OUR FUCKING PLANET.

LERN 2 SCIENCE. Think before you reblog. And microwave your veggies.

This was incredibly amusing to read. Thank you so much for sciencing.

Trans-Uterus - on trans women being able to carry children 

tsuki-leviathan:

mashkwi:

daniphantomgone:

fileformat:

eugeniced:

scrapes:

redtemplo:

bawkbawk-motherclucker:

queerfucker:

tipsfortransfolks:

The recent CBS story regarding nine Swedish women who received uterus transplants undoubtedly caught the attention of transgender women throughout the world. Anyone, with even the slightest awareness of the advancement of medical science, understands that eventually there will be few things left in the realm of impossible. The idea that a transgender woman will one day be able to carry a child in her womb is no longer just an idea. It is a reality of the future.

tell everyone.

If this becomes a thing I think I’d like to donate my uterus to a trans woman.

Yes!!!!

this is fucking AWESOME

OMFG!!!!!!!!!!!!

**goes off**

mashkwi

Yeah I’d give my uterus to someone that wanted it

I’d give mine to someone if it operated to factory standards.

16,737 notes   •   September 18 2014, 08:44 PM   •   VIA   •   SOURCE

hellacamber:

heycourtneymae:

widebooty:

alittlebitridiculous:

sizvideos:

Watch the inspirational video of this quadriplegic who plays and streams Diablo 3

Follow our Tumblr - Like us on Facebook

!!!!!!!!!!!!

I’ve been watching this guy’s livestreams for a few days now. He’s super positive and really nice to all his viewers, answering everything he can. Also considering his abilities he is really good at Diablo III and WoW. Like the fact that I could have been playing WoW with people like him and getting my ass handed to me by them is part of the reason I appreciate video games as a form of therapy.

"I’m really feeling good about myself!"

This makes me SO happy. Amazing!

Technology.

professorfangirl:

ultimateventist:

charlesoberonn:

If something is ‘old as fuck’ then it’s about 1.2 billion years old because that’s when life evolved sexual reproduction.

 

However, if something is “old as balls” it’s only about 65 million years old, when placental mammals began to evolve proper testicles.

112,516 notes   •   September 15 2014, 02:22 PM   •   VIA   •   SOURCE
#humor   #statistics   #science   

yellowis4happy:

mymyriadmusings:

shadesofblackness:

reverseracism:

sizvideos:

Video

Black Male Excellence.

Click the link! I love this!!!

Still so cool, every time I see this. But… I dunno about him being the only one who does this. There are blind people who mountain bike - and lead tours where they teach this - solely using the same technique.

This is true! My brother dated a girl recently whose father was blind, but he talked about being able to use echolocation to find his way around stuff, too, and he used to mountain bike and drive motorcycles all the time.

Since her death in 1979, the woman who discovered what the universe is made of has not so much as received a memorial plaque. Her newspaper obituaries do not mention her greatest discovery. […] Every high school student knows that Isaac Newton discovered gravity, that Charles Darwin discovered evolution, and that Albert Einstein discovered the relativity of time. But when it comes to the composition of our universe, the textbooks simply say that the most abundant atom in the universe is hydrogen. And no one ever wonders how we know.

 -

Jeremy Knowles, discussing the complete lack of recognition Cecilia Payne gets, even today, for her revolutionary discovery. (via alliterate)

OH WAIT LEMME TELL YOU ABOUT CECILIA PAYNE.

Cecilia Payne’s mother refused to spend money on her college education, so she won a scholarship to Cambridge.

Cecilia Payne completed her studies, but Cambridge wouldn’t give her a degree because she was a woman, so she said fuck that and moved to the United States to work at Harvard.

Cecilia Payne was the first person ever to earn a Ph.D. in astronomy from Radcliffe College, with what Otto Strauve called “the most brilliant Ph.D. thesis ever written in astronomy.”

Not only did Cecilia Payne discover what the universe is made of, she also discovered what the sun is made of (Henry Norris Russell, a fellow astronomer, is usually given credit for discovering that the sun’s composition is different from the Earth’s, but he came to his conclusions four years later than Payne—after telling her not to publish).

Cecilia Payne is the reason we know basically anything about variable stars (stars whose brightness as seen from earth fluctuates). Literally every other study on variable stars is based on her work.

Cecilia Payne was the first woman to be promoted to full professor from within Harvard, and is often credited with breaking the glass ceiling for women in the Harvard science department and in astronomy, as well as inspiring entire generations of women to take up science.

Cecilia Payne is awesome and everyone should know her.

(via bansheewhale)

169,320 notes   •   August 16 2014, 11:16 AM   •   VIA   •   SOURCE

Since “biological sex” is actually a social construct, those who say that it is not often have to argue about what it entails. Some say it’s based on chromosomes (of which there are many non-XX/XY combinations, as well as diversity among people with XY chromosomes), others say it’s genitals or gonads (either at birth or at the moment you’re talking about), others say it’s hormone levels (which vary widely and can be manipulated), still others say it’s secondary sex characteristics like the appearance of breasts, body hair and muscle mass (which vary even more). Some say that it’s a combination of all of them. Now, this creates a huge problem, as sex organs, secondary sex characteristics and hormone levels aren’t anywhere close to being universal to all men or women, males or females.

Those who claim that sex is determined by chromosomes must not realize that sex is assigned at birth not by chromosomes, not even by gonads, but by genitals. In fact, the vast majority of us never learn what our sex chromosomes are. Sex isn’t something we’re actually born with, it’s something that doctors or our parents assign us at birth. So if sex is determined by genitals, they must be clearly binary and unchangable, right? Wrong. Genitals can be ambiguous at birth and many trans people get gender confirmation surgery to change them. Neither chromosomes nor genitals are binary in the way that “biological sex” defenders claim they are, and the vast majority of measures by which we judge sex are very much changable.

2,927 notes   •   August 08 2014, 11:16 AM   •   VIA   •   SOURCE

ratpoet:

 when you say “nonbinary identities don’t exist BECAUSE SCIENCE”

all you’re telling me is that you don’t know what science is

science is a systematic attempt to describe the world. science does not define the world

if you were to go up to a scientist and say “there are things that exist in the word that science does has not yet adequately described, or described at all” 

the scientist would be like “yeah i know, that’s why i still have a job”

16,093 notes   •   August 02 2014, 05:38 PM   •   VIA   •   SOURCE
#science   #Yep.   #gender   

goatings:

justbriann:

It literally says it might make you sweat. Just in a really fancy way. Lol

it also labels the contents as “dihydrogen monoxide”, which is just “water” in chemistry terms.

138,759 notes   •   July 23 2014, 11:16 AM   •   VIA   •   SOURCE
#humor   #want   #Portal   #drinks   #science   #videogames   

Noisy Predators Put Plants on Alert, Study Finds - NYTimes.com    

nezua:

rubyvroom:

note-a-bear:

To see whether predator noises would affect plants, two University of Missouri researchers exposed one set of plants to a recording of caterpillars eating leaves, and kept another set of plants in silence. Later, when caterpillars fed on the plants, the set that had been exposed to the eating noises produced more of a caterpillar-repelling chemical.

Evidently, the chomping noises primed the plant to produce the deterrent. “So when the attack finally happens, it’s kaboom,” said Heidi Appel, a chemical ecologist and an author of the study. The chemical comes “faster and often in greater amounts.”

Plants exposed to other vibrations, like the sound of wind or different insects, did not produce more of the chemical, suggesting they could tell the difference between predator noises and atmospheric ones. The researchers published their work in the journal Oecologia.
rubyvroom
and I discussed this briefly when railing (equally briefly) on a certain breed of vegangelical assertion wrt sentience of the things you/we eat.

plants react to being eaten - your move, vegans!

well. that puts a spin on eating uncooked veggies, now don’t it? just imagine your salad screaming at you as you unfeelingly tear through all its vesicles with your cruel, cruel, teeth…it’s ethical because you can’t hear it!

eradicatedelicacy:

reallifescomedyrelief:

viforcontrol:

beautifuloutlier:

gwydtheunusual:

too—weird-to-live:

zafojones:

Circus Tree: Six individual sycamore trees were shaped, bent, and braided to form this.

how the hell do you bend and braid a tree

Actually pretty easy. Trees don’t reject tissue from other trees in the same family. You bend the tree to another tree when it is a sapling, scrape off the bark on both trees where they touch, add some damp sphagnum moss around them to keep everything slightly moist and bind them together. Then wait a few years- The trees will have grown together. You can use a similar technique to graft a lemon branch or a lime branch or even both- onto an orange tree and have one tree that has all three fruits.Frankentrees.

As a biologist I can clearly state that plants are fucking weird and you should probably be slightly afraid of them.

On that note! At the university (UBC) located in town, the Agriculture students were told by their teacher that a tree flipped upside down would die. So they took an excavator and flipped the tree upside down. And it’s still growing. But the branches are now the roots, and the roots are now these super gnarly looking branches. Be afraid.

But Vi, how can you mention that and NOT post a picture? D:

[source]

Tree apocalypse.

eradicatedelicacy:

reallifescomedyrelief:

viforcontrol:

beautifuloutlier:

gwydtheunusual:

too—weird-to-live:

zafojones:

Circus Tree: Six individual sycamore trees were shaped, bent, and braided to form this.

how the hell do you bend and braid a tree

Actually pretty easy. Trees don’t reject tissue from other trees in the same family. You bend the tree to another tree when it is a sapling, scrape off the bark on both trees where they touch, add some damp sphagnum moss around them to keep everything slightly moist and bind them together. 
Then wait a few years- The trees will have grown together. 

You can use a similar technique to graft a lemon branch or a lime branch or even both- onto an orange tree and have one tree that has all three fruits.

Frankentrees.

As a biologist I can clearly state that plants are fucking weird and you should probably be slightly afraid of them.

On that note! At the university (UBC) located in town, the Agriculture students were told by their teacher that a tree flipped upside down would die. So they took an excavator and flipped the tree upside down. And it’s still growing. But the branches are now the roots, and the roots are now these super gnarly looking branches. Be afraid.

But Vi, how can you mention that and NOT post a picture? D:

image

[source]

Tree apocalypse.

273,910 notes   •   June 25 2014, 06:55 PM   •   VIA   •   SOURCE
#plants   #trees   #biology   #science   #the best